It is also a time when trees begin to change, developing shades of red, orange, yellow, and tan. You just give the location and then wait a few days for them to flag the area. A variety of Kansas native trees work well in the home landscape, from small ornamental trees to tall shade trees. American Hophornbeam (Ostrya virginiana) – Rare in the nursery trade, this tree deserves to be used more because it makes a great street tree. Other oaks worth trying: shingle oak, white oak and black oak. It is native to Europe, but a versatile tree in Kansas. But those species have not proven resistant to disease, so we now have holes in our landscape where mature trees have died. Post Oak (Quercus stellata) – A dense-rounded tree (40’ x 40’) with shiny green leaves that are roundly lobed. Before putting the tree in the hole, remove all wires, twine or anything else tied to the tree. It’s the one that stands in the open where it is compelled to struggle for its existence against the winds and rains and the scorching sun. Landscaping All State Trees. Try the cultivars, ‘John Pair’, ‘Autumn Splendor’, ‘Table Rock’, ‘Flashfire’, ‘Oregon Trail’ or ‘Legacy’ for the most consistent fall color each year. At the time of this survey, the City of Hesston and the Tree Board developed a five year planting strategy to promote diversity for future planting. Remember – diversity is the key to success! If you do need to stake a tree, we put one stake on the north side and two on the south side of the tree. Have you ever been looking for the perfect little magical spot you can never seem to find? If you need to fertilize, it is better to wait several years until the root system is more established. They are Upright Chinese Juniper (Juniperis chinensis), Easter Red Cedar (Juniperis virginiana), which is the only evergreen native to the state of Kansas with cultivars ‘Canaertii, and ‘Taylor’, Black Hill Spruce (Picea glauca var. The conifer s are the cone-bearing trees. CHAS. 11200 W Kellogg, Wichita, Kansas. This process will encourage new outward rooting of the tree. It is a larval food source for the question mark, comma, hackberry, tawny emperor, snout, and morning cloak butterflies. The stumps also need to be removed to a depth of at least 6 inches below the surface. You can find austrian pine, balsam fir, black hill spruce, blue spruce, canaan fir, colorado blue spruce, concolor fir, douglas fir, fraser fir, norway spruce, scotch pine, serbian spruce, white fir, white pine, white spruce Christmas tree types in Kansas, KS. Along with its attributes as a hedge, Osage Orange has long been valued for the strength and durability of its wood. They often come to us when they are looking for fast-growing trees that will quickly provide them with cooling shade for their house and garden during the summertime. A large tree has a certain mystique. We want it now, so in this zest we put growth rate at the top of the wish list. Dyck Arboretum of the Plains is affiliated with When choosing trees for your Kansas City landscaping next year, don't forget your summer and early fall blossoms, so there is a sequence of bloom to look forward to. Once oriented, carefully remove the wire basket and cut circling roots from potted trees in two or three spots around the root ball. The Kansas landscape can be stark and lifeless at certain times during the year. This is caused by tannins in the leaves, which accumulate as the chlorophyll is removed from the leaves. Insect and disease problems can decimate a single species (such as Dutch elm disease in American elms or pine wilt in Scotch Pine). One point is awarded for each inch of circumference, one point per foot of height and one-fourth point per foot of crown spread. There is no need to fertilize at this time either. Our shingle oaks (Quercus imbricaria) this fall have been spectacular. It is a stately tree that produces a wonderful range of colors from deep red and maroon to dark oranges. Well, there’s an enchanting little spot right in Wichita that might fit you just fine. Other trees produce red and purple pigments called anthocyanins, which tend to cover the yellow pigments present in leaves during the fall. As part of my horticulture classes at Kansas State University, I had to learn the names of many different plants on campus. The Bur oaks don’t typically have great fall color, but it is very sturdy and problem-free. It’s certainly an upgrade to the tree houses we used to play in! It is a great form that can thrive in drier conditions. For many reasons, fall is my favorite time of the year. The Kansas State University Research and Extension’s Master Gardener program at Johnson County says the trees make great windbreaks or screens, have a textured trunk and dense but very fine foliage. Keep in mind that it takes a year or two to develop an adequate root system to sustain a tree on its own without supplemental watering. Sugar maples, smoke trees, and sweet gum trees are wonderful examples with orange fall colors. Also known as Populus deltoides, the poplar species has diamond shaped leaves and can be seen all over Kansas. With proper watering and maintenance, newly established plants will get settled and acclimated to their new environment. Although some trees may not respond well to these conditions, native trees can withstand the extremes and require little maintenance. The gray smooth bark, fragrant creamy-yellow flowers in late spring, and dark green leaves make American Linden a nice choice as a shade tree. The leaves are unlobed and lustrous dark green, turning yellow brown to russet-red in fall. We are a family owned and operated tree farm and landscaping company with over 30 years experience growing and installing mature trees in Kansas and Missouri. Full descriptions of these trees can be researched on the internet or you can come to the arboretum and view them in person. It has been proven that trees will establish quicker when left to move with the wind, which make the trunks stronger. And because our evergreen trees are acclimated to Kansas City’s soil and climate, they’ll thrive in your yard. Months without rain are common, but so is the occasional soaking rain that saturates the soil. The Kansas Champion Tree Program maintains a searchable database of the largest trees in Kansas so they can be identified, preserved, and enjoyed by all. Windbreak trees for conservation plantings are available for purchase through the Kansas Forest Service/K-State Research and Extension. The beauty of the fall wildflowers like asters and goldenrods makes them stand out in a sea of grass. This tree adapts to most soil types, including heavy clay. CONIFERS. Folks in areas of the country that have an abundance of trees often take trees for granted. These are questions one often ponders while gazing upwards through the branches of a huge tree. The extension service suggests that diseased and dead trees be removed immediately and destroyed either by fire or chipping. For more information on these or other trees for your area, contact your local tree board, local horticulture extension agent, or visit the arboretum. Circumference is the most important factor, followed by height and crown spread. Biermans Christmas Tree Farm 2825 S 63rd St Kansas City, KS 913.375.1317 Kansas Champion Trees. Dig and measure, dig and measure so you don’t dig too deep of a hole. American Sycamore. This stately tree stood about 60-70 feet tall with a spread of at least 60 feet. As you look at your new tree in a pot or balled and bur lapped, you must find the root flare. They endure heat and extreme cold along with persistent wind. Trees that are 50-100 years old are gone in just a few years. Mature trees come alive in the fall with squirrel activity as the acorns mature. There are so many good options for our area, but make sure you are aware of the tree’s mature size. Here are five oaks trees that are “plains tough”. The recommended percentage of any one tree would be less than 5% of the total population. All this social distancing has made me think of the many things I need to get done around my house. CLICK TO VIEW SHADE TREES. We have examples of many of these trees growing at the arboretum. In one year, an average tree inhales 26 pounds of CO2 and exhales enough oxygen for a family of four for a year. Baldcypress. Replant with a diverse variety of species so your whole landscape will not be open to widespread devastation again. The flowers, which appear in May and June, are quite showy. State Board of Agriculture. If it can grow in Kinsley, it can grow anywhere in the state. My house needs to be painted. Though it may not function as a fence for modern farmers, its presence here reminds us of the ingenuity and tenacity of our farming ancestors on the Great Plains. We are a society of instant gratification. Sugar Maples and many other maples are the quintessential tree for fall color. The majority of trees listed are native to the … Mature height is 50 to 80 feet tall and with a spread from 40 to 60 feet. Fast growers People seem to always want fast growing trees. Whole shelter belts have been lost because they included only a few species. Height is measured, or estimated, in feet, from the base of the trunk to the highest branch. QUICK LINKS. This is information that was discovered by research groups from Kansas State University. There will be other diseases that come, but diversity will give you the edge. However, apple trees do require cross fertilization if you want the best fruit possible. We are already seeing signs of fall here at the Arboretum. Shingle Oak (Quercus imbricaria) – Pyramidal in youth and eventually becoming broad and rounded at maturity (50’ x 50’). Try a few of these: Bur Oak (Quercus macrocarpa) – A very large broad spreading tree (70’ x 70’) with long smoothly lobed leaves. By Tom Parker. Upright to pyramidal in habit (40’ x 40’) with rough deeply furrowed plate-like bark. Which trees should I plant in Kansas? In 2009, Gould Evans landscape Architect, Robert Whitman spearheaded a study to determine the best trees for the Kansas City region. Use fruitless and thornless cultivars only. There is both a short and long answer to the question of when you should plant your trees. #3. When I go fishing along the Cottonwood River, I can’t help but notice the huge Bur oaks (Quercus macrocarpa) stretching out their limbs over the river. These softball size fruit are produced on the “female” trees, while “male” trees have only pollen producing flowers and do not bear fruit. This will help with watering the tree, but also slowly settle as the back fill settles. I would highly encourage you to visit the Kansas Forestry Service website at . – Napoleon Hill. To many people, it’s also known as hedgeapple, or simply hedge. These trees are native to eastern or central Kansas and adaptable to most of the state. Apple Trees . These are available for planting field windbreaks to protect rural properties from winter winds and soil erosion. The real treat comes in the fall when the edible fruit ripens and the foliage takes on colors of yellow to reddish-purple. Horticulture & Natural Resources 2021 Throckmorton PSC 1712 Claflin Road Manhattan, KS 66506. The fastest growing member of the red oak family is Shumard oak (Quercus shumardii) making it a great choice for the home landscape. Royal Empress Trees– Ideal for providing fast-growing shade, year-round beauty, and drought resistance. Don’t amend the soil with something like peat moss, because you want the tree to immediately root into original soil, not some artificial environment. If a tree forks at or slightly above 4½ feet, the circumference is measured below the fork where the circumference is the least. In Kansas, sugar maples are relatively slow growing but worth the wait as a mature tree can put on quite a fall display. A good shade tree in Kansas is a luxury. Hesston College. A second measurement is made at a right angle to the first measurement and the two measurements are averaged.The three measurements of height, circumference, and crown spread are added together to give a total point score. Plus, they are more economical and as I get older, I am less willing to wrestle with a 200 pound root ball than I used to be. On a slope, the trunk is measured 4½ feet above the ground on the uphill side and again on the downhill side, then average the two numbers for the circumference . Trees help prevent soil erosion, help modify temperatures, and act as windbreaks. For instance, carotene and xanthophyll (carotenoids) are yellow pigments that are produced all year long with chlorophyll. Mature trees come alive in the fall with squirrel activity as the acorns mature. Official State Tree of Kansas. Apple trees require cross-fertilization to produce the best fruit, meaning you will need two varieties of trees in your orchard. The pyramidal habit reaching 50-60 feet tall make it a majestic tree for certain situations. Trees clean the air by giving off oxygen, storing carbon, and recycling moisture into the atmosphere. Give it room to grow and you will be rewarded with an excellent shade tree. Hard to find in the nursery trade, but worth the effort. They eventually turn brown, but stay on the tree much of the winter. They reach an ultimate height of 40-50 feet tall and equal spread. They reach an ultimate height of 40-50 feet tall and equal spread. I know winter is coming, but the crescendo of our gardens is fun to watch. This basin can be mulched to help with cooling the environment, retaining moisture and controlling weeds. In trees with a combination of carotenoid and anthocyanin pigments, an orange fall color develops. That's right-no native pines. Back fill with the same soil you removed from the hole. Kansas Trees. Trees for Kansas. Avoid planting these trees for Kansas City. Sadly, these conifers (cone-bearing seed plants) are under siege. Since Kansas City experiences rather severe winters, it is a good idea to consider tree planting activities carefully. Fall color can be quite variable from year to year depending on environmental conditions. Fall color can be a little different every year. 913.631.6121) The garden centers are transformed into magical winter wonderlands lined with forests of decorated trees, lights, decorations, and holiday gifts. Plant genetics, and environmental conditions make subtle changes from year to year fun to watch. This spring is going to be anything but normal. This strategy was intended for Hesston, but will work for nearly every community in the state. This oak tree will reach a height of 40-60 ft. with a nice rounded-pyramidal habit. There are two classes of trees: conifers and broadleaved. Hedge is tough! If you don’t, these ties and wire can girdle the trunk or branches and cause severe damage. Once the tree is in the hole, orient the larger branches to face south. You can do everything right and still lose a tree. Trees grow easily, but not here. Kansas Native Trees A-Z . The arboretum has been experimenting with a few conifer species that seem to be hardy and less susceptible to disease. Kansas is home to a many native trees, but one thing you might notice is that Kansas has no native pine trees. After one year, remember to remove all of the stakes, wire and straps from the tree. Pyramidal in youth becoming rounded with age (25’ x 30’), it has deep green, sharply serrated leaves that turn yellow-brown in fall. Kansas residents love their Sunflower State residential landscapes. Read about the specifics for your state in the following sections. I think that the final solution is diversity in the landscape. We have included the various common names associated with each scientific name to help you find the right tree. They are being decimated by a variety of diseases that really have no reliable cure. In my opinion, it is an added expense that doesn’t benefit the plant enough to justify the cost. Pines like Ponderosa (Pinus ponderosa), Austrian (Pinus nigra) and Scotch (Pinus sylvestris) have been taken off the recommended tree list because they are so prone to disease. By developing roots this fall, these plants will increase their chance of survival through the first growing season next year. Kansas designated the cottonwood as the official state tree in 1937. What sights and sounds has it witnessed? Landmark trees played an important role in the settling of Kansas, guiding pioneers to their destinations. Catalpa (Catalpa speciosa) – Very adaptable to a wide range of soils from wet to dry. I love the cooler weather and changing landscapes. This is the point where the trunk widens to transition to roots. If you’re looking for some quick ideas on what to plant, consider the following trees as expert-tested and The Tree Centerapproved: #1. (This is my list, but there are over 10 species of oaks native to Kansas and several other non-native varieties that are equally tenacious.). Ironically, barbed wire is usually tied to a hedge post to make pasture fences. So in that vein, here are the steps I take when planting a tree. And with the 50th Anniversary of Earth Day on April 22nd and Arbor Day on April 24th, there are many related online educational resources available to help talk about the importance of trees and caring for the earth. This signals the end of another growing season, but there are still a few highlights to come. Additional Physical Format: Online version: Kansas. This will affect power lines, crowding buildings and porches, and heaving sidewalks. Gala, Empire, Jonathan, Delicious, Jonagold, Granny Smith and Delicious Golden apple varieties grow well in Kansas, according to Kansas State University. Walker, State printer, 1928 (OCoLC)595192448 Reach him by e-mail at For those of you who are looking for things to do with your children who are home from school, planting a tree is a great activity to do together outside. The tree needs to sit on solid soil, not loose soil that will settle and move the tree deeper. I would love to have that white oak in my back yard, because I know that it would be there for generations. Circumference is measured in inches, at a point on the trunk 4½ feet above ground. Such historic trees as the Custer Elm, the Post Office Oak and the Osage County Cottonwood were guideposts on the Kansas plains. Social distancing time may be beneficial and help me stop procrastinating. In Kansas, sugar maples are relatively slow growing but worth the wait as a mature tree can put on quite a fall display. Leaves are persistent though winter. Depending on the tree, some may be easy to find while others may take some time. Persimmon (Diospyros virginiana) – Tough oval rounded tree (40’ x 35’) with fragrant white blueberry-shaped flowers in May and June. Many hedgerows still can be seen dividing fields and pastures today. The native grasses are at their peak with attractive seed heads and brilliant fall color. This is a critical step to insure the tree is not planted too deep because this root flare needs to be slightly above the soil line. Fertilizing forces growth that cannot be supported by the new root system. Buy Kansas Grapevines, Shade Trees, Berry Bushes, Flowering Tree, Bamboo Plants, Fruit Tree, and Nut Trees. The only exception would be removing any damaged branches. If the tree has a fork below 4½ feet, the largest stem is measured at 4½ feet and this measurement is the circumference for the tree. Ph: +1-785-532-6170 Fx: +1-785-532-6949 Its native range is eastern Kansas along moist streams and upland rocky hillsides. West of Hesston, there is one that has a span of over 150 feet. Larger trees will obviously need to be staked the first year, but stake only when necessary to keep the tree from toppling over until roots can anchor the tree on their own. Shumard oaks are more tolerant than other red oaks of urban areas and challenging sites. Cottonwood Tree Facts. Fall color starts in September and ends in November with peak coloration sometime in October. Reports of large or unusual trees are common in Kansas literature. Ours at the arboretum puts on good growth each year – one to two feet. It is recommended that you choose your tree in the fall when they are coloring because the species can be variable in fall color intensity. It is quite a specimen. Bloodgood Japanese Maple– Ideal for adding color, ornamental beauty, and no-hassle maintenance. Taylor Juniper (foreground)Canaertii Juniper (background). The term “Horse high, bull strong and hog tight”, used to describe the Osage Orange, simply means that the hedge rows were pruned so that they were tall enough that a horse would not jump it, stout enough that a bull would not push through it and woven so tightly that even a hog could not find its way through. Cool night temperatures above freezing, calm winds, and sunny days will make the colors more intense. The bright red, orange and yellow leaves appear in October and last for many weeks. Trees belonging to the oak, walnut, birch, olive, maple, rose and elm families exist in Kansas. If the root flare isn’t visible, you will need to remove enough soil until it is exposed. How old is it? (Steve) Stephens’ book, Trees, Shrubs and Woody Vines of Kansas, ends with a list of noteworthy examples. BRADY NURSERY (316) 722-7516. Sugar Maples and many other maples are the quintessential tree for fall color. In our experience, these smaller caliper trees tend to root faster and acclimate to the site better than larger 2-3 inch caliper trees. Don’t all trees do that? Remember to call Chip Hansen at our farm at (816) 506-1289 to make an appointment if you are interested in looking at the vast amount of varieties and quantities of trees on our farm. The Hesston City Tree Board did a street tree inventory several years ago for the entire city and found that there are too many Silver Maples, Siberian Elms, and Pin Oaks. We have all seen the cheesy commercials to “dial before you dig”, but the truth is it’s important to locate utilities. Generally, it is slow growing, but in the right conditions it can grow two to three feet a year. American Forests National Register of Big Trees. See our Native Plant Guide or recommended plants from KSU extension for other options. Tom Taylor is an intern on Central Standard. Discover how Kansas gardeners can experience extremely cold winters and the frigid temperatures can damage or kill plants and trees that are not properly selected to grow in the Kansas temperature zones on the USDA climate map of zone 5 and zone 6. Another thing I was thinking about was planting another tree. Choose a fresh Christmas tree from a beautiful selection. It grows so well here, even escaping out into fields and wood lots, it seems that it must have been here before the pioneers arrived. This common tree is often overlooked, but is a valuable and iconic component of our Kansas landscape. The strongest oak of the forest is not the one that is protected from the storm and hidden from the sun. Trees contribute to the health of our planet earth. Green ash and ginkgo are good examples of trees with nice yellow fall color. The fall color can be incredible. American Linden, Basswood (Tilia americana) – A very large (60’ x 60’) upright pyramidal to broadly open tree. These three species represent 31% of the town’s total tree population. Missouri Champion Trees. Nominations will be measured by a Champion Tree Program official and results shared with the nominator. One of the trees I remember the most is a white oak (Quercus alba) on the east side of campus. Some of their recommendations and mine are contained in the following list. The Kansas Champion Tree Program maintains a searchable database of the largest trees in Kansas so they can be identified, preserved, and enjoyed by all. Bur Oak. Somewhere you can sit in nature, breathe, and maybe open up a book? Black Walnut. Once established, the thorny young trees were pruned to promote thick, bushy growth. New environment or select one of the total population stop procrastinating to 60 feet trees often take trees for first. Remove all of the state too deep of a checkered past the many things I need to done. A majestic tree for certain species the time will come when they are decimated. This is information that was discovered by Research groups from Kansas state University, I to. Grapevines, shade trees, shrubs and Woody Vines of Kansas is a valuable and iconic component of gardens. Heavy clay & Natural Resources 2021 Throckmorton PSC 1712 Claflin Road Manhattan, KS 66506 name to you... 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