Hurricane Diane remains the wettest tropical cyclone to have ever affected New England. [19] At least 15 deaths were reported in the state,[12] and damage was estimated at $175 million. [7] While passing by the state, the strongest winds remained to the east of Hurricane Carol, though winds of 90 to 100 mph (145 to 160 km/h) were reported at Cape Hatteras. The powerful extratropical storm continued northward, before losing its identity after entering Canada, over southern Quebec. The storm particularly affected New England as one of its worst storms on record. Hurricane Carol developed from an area of disturbed weather east of the southern Bahamas on August 25, 1954. Moving on a more northwest course, the hurricane. The aftermath of Hurricane Carol in Westerly, R.I. [13] Overall crop damage was estimated at $22.25 million. “After the water went down the men went out to try to find the baby that the mother lost hold of. Copyright © 2014 - 2020 New England Historical Society, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Winds on Block Island reached 135 mph, the highest ever recorded there. [18] Some entire coastal communities were nearly destroyed,[13] and 620 houses and 83 other buildings were destroyed in the state. of the 1953 Atlantic hurricane season. Hurricane Carol heads toward coast of North Carolina. Event Overview. There were 65 deaths and 1,000 injuries in New England. [9] Damage in the state totaled to around $228,000. [3] By that time, it was a small hurricane, and the radius of maximum winds was smaller than normal for its latitude and central pressure. New Bedford's storm surge was over 14 feet. The name was reused in the 1965 season, but was retroactively retired, and it will never again be used for an Atlantic hurricane. Hurricane Carol started on Aug. 25, 1954, as a tropical wave near the Bahamas, and strengthened as it moved northwest. [12] In Massachusetts, the hurricane produced winds between 80 and 110 mph (130 to 180 km/h) across much of the eastern part of the state. Further inland, the hurricane produced a wind gust of 55 mph (90 km/h) in Wilmington and 65 mph (105 km/h) in Cherry Point. Carolina Coast", Tropical cyclones affecting North Carolina since 1586: An Historical Perspective, "Damage is High with Big Death Toll in Storm", "Hurricane Irene Threatens New York: The Six Worst Hurricanes to Hit the Region", "Storm Death Toll 49, Damage in Millinos", The Deadliest, Costliest, and Most Intense United States Tropical Cyclones from 1851 to 2004 (and Other Frequently Asked Hurricane Facts), "Rash of Hurricanes May Bring Insurance rate Hike", "Third Steeple Going Up on Boston Church", "Hurricane Fighters Seek Achilles' Heel in Storm". Hurricane Carol wrecked another 3,000 boats and 3,500 automobiles. [25] The tower flew across the station and landed on 219 Bussey St, the house next door, where Louise Guerrio was feeding her one-year-old son, Joseph. [33] Governor of Maine Burton M. Cross declared a state of emergency for the state. [19] Statewide, 3,350 homes were damaged to some degree, and another 800 were destroyed. There was a storm surge all along the New England coast that caused severe flooding. 1954 -- Hurricane Carol: Made landfall as a Category 3 on Aug. 31, with sustained winds of 80-100 mph. North Carolina’s Hurricane History. He and three friends had climbed a tree to see the storm better. [12] In Massachusetts, the National Guard were deployed to six towns to prevent looting. On August 31, Carol sped up and slammed into Old Saybrook, Conn.  Tosemary Carpichio, then 10, remembered it well. Hurricane Carol was one hell of a storm. [2] More disaster aid was provided after the second hurricane. See more ideas about hurricane, new england, storm. It also caused more than $10 Million in damages across the state, becoming the most costly natural disaster in the Maine’s history. “The tree was blown done and I broke my right arm,” he remembered. [26] Along the coast, high waves damaged boats. It affected the states of Idaho, Missouri, Pennsylvania, New … “We could see and hear the funnel go right up Buzzards Bay,” remembered a cottager, 10 at the time. He also recalled power lines sparking as they hit the wet ground and leaves stripped from trees. Edna killed 21 people , caused widespread power outages on Cape Cod, flooded roads and railroads in Main and forced evacuations throughout southern New England. State officials then ordered the evacuation of Cape Cod, and 20,000 people left the peninsula. The baby was found days later floating dead.”. The winds destroyed much of the corn crop, about half of the peach crop, and about 1.5 million bushels of apples. Details about 1955 Photo New Bedford Symbolic Restoration Work Hurricane Carol Leclair 7x9. Dunn, Gordon and Banner Miller. All in all, the 1954 hurricane season ranked as one of the worst in the 20th century. [4] After maintaining peak intensity for 30 hours and moving a distance of about 75 miles (120 km), Carol weakened slightly off the coast of Georgia. [18] However, some areas did not receive advance warning, due to power outages preventing people from receiving Weather Bureau warnings ahead of the storm. Hurricane Carol killed 60 people in August 1954. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hurricane_Carol&oldid=990730767, 1954 natural disasters in the United States, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. On August 31, 1954, Hurricane Carol left a path of destruction. Over 200 dams in New England suffered partial to total failure due to the hurricane’s torrential rainfall. Further to the northwest, rainfall from the system alleviated drought conditions in the Washington, D.C. [13] About 2,000 people were stranded when a rail line between New Haven and Rhode Island was flooded. Rod Sherman was at a family reunion in Little Compton, R.I. Carol is a bit forgotten – the impact was less than 1938 and it was overshadowed in the state by the remnants of Connie and Diane in 1955 that paralyzed the state with a … The worst hurricanes to hit Massachusetts from 1900-2000, in reverse date order, are: Hurricane Bob in 1991; "the twins" from 1954, Hurricanes Carol and Edna; and last but not least, the Great New England Hurricane of 1938. Old North Church after Hurricane Carol got done with its steeple. [13] Gusts reached 80 mph (130 km/h) at Blue Hill Meteorological Observatory,[11] and the highest gusts in the state were around 125 mph (201 km/h). Strong, sustained winds swept through Rhode Island and the eastern parts of Massachusetts and Connecticut, killing dozens and destroying buildings, automobiles, boats and crops. The hurricane produced 4 inches (100 mm) of rain in Norfolk. 1,545 houses were destroyed and another 9,720 were damaged. “My father took me out during the eye of the storm when all was quiet and the sun was shining.,” she recalled. Hurricane Carol, one of the worst to hit New England, was so ferocious the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration retired the name for a decade after it struck in 1954. Hurricane Carol was one of only four Category 5 Atlantic hurricanes to not have its name be retired, the other names being "Esther", "Edith" and "Emily". Residents evacuated north of Wilmington along the ocean. Upon making landfall around high tide, Carol produced a storm surge of up to 14.4 feet (4.4 m) in Narragansett Bay, surpassing that of the New England Hurricane of 1938. Carol is a bit forgotten – the impact was less than 1938 and it was overshadowed in the state by the remnants of Connie and Diane in 1955 that paralyzed the state with a biblical flood. No discussion of Carol is complete without mention of the remarkably similar Hurricane Edna. Ed Kelley/Globe Staff/File. In Yarmouth, Nova Scotia, wind gusts peaked at 47 mph (75 km/h). [9] High winds damaged widespread homes, boats, and cars. continued to strengthen and reached category 4 status on on the 3rd, which made Carol the strongest tropical cyclone. [2] Carol passed 100 miles (160 km) to the east of Virginia, and produced 40 mph (65 km/h) winds in Virginia Beach. [38], Category 3 North Atlantic Ocean hurricane in 1954, This article is about the Atlantic hurricane of 1954. A tropical wave spawned a tropical depression over the northeastern Bahamas on August 25. You may also want to read about the Great New England storm of 1938 here. [12] About 1,000 houses were damaged on the island,[15] and 275,000 people lost power. The hurricane killed three people in Maine, and injured many more. The worst hurricanes to hit Massachusetts from 1900-2000, in reverse date order, are: Hurricane Bob in 1991; "the twins" from 1954, Hurricanes Carol and Edna; and last but not least, the Great New England Hurricane of 1938. According to an old news clip, “Winds reaching 80 miles an hour lashed at Provincetown late this morning, toppling trees, severing moorings, blowing boats ashore, knocking out … The storm washed away 200 homes in Westerly, R.I. Approximately 3,500 cars and 3,000 boats were destroyed. [12] Damage in the state was estimated at $250,000. 1955 Photo New Bedford Symbolic Restoration Work Hurricane Carol Leclair 7x9. In  Newport, R.I.,  it damaged the Casino. [2][3] Carol had maintained its small structure and well-defined eye, and observers on both eastern Long Island and Groton, Connecticut reported blue skies and light winds as the eye passed overhead, followed by strong hurricane-force winds. A strong trough of low pressure turned the hurricane northeastward, and Carol later intensified into a major hurricane. The category 3 hurricane made landfall near Groton and brought devastating flooding and wind damage to parts of southeastern Connecticut and Rhode Island (from South County to Providence). [2], An eastward moving deep-wave trough intensified as it moved through the eastern United States. Hurricane Carol started on Aug. 25, 1954, as a tropical wave near the Bahamas, and strengthened as it moved northwest. 1954-1955 : Five Major Hurricanes Struck The US In 14 Months Posted on May 23, 2013 by stevengoddard It has been almost eight years since a major hurricane struck the US, the longest such period since the Civil War. 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